difference between plato and aristotle on poetry

The core aim of this article is to answer two questions – Does poetry spoil youth and spreads frivolity in the society? “Introduction. I leave that to you to decide, dear reader. Therefore, this debate and argument, I leave on the wisdom of readers to decide whether Plato is right or the Aristotle, because poetry is such a subject which is being interpreted differently by the individuals at different time periods at different situations at various levels of belonging and understanding of it. Your email address will not be published. On the other hand, In Poetics Aristotle exalts Homer and his poetry. Mimesis does not, as Plato thought, take away from knowledge and the search for truth. Plato and Aristotle were two great thinkers and philosophers that differed in the explanation of their philosophical concepts. However, Aristotle sees this talent as an artistic value and he makes more realistic argument by explaining poetry in detalis and as having an organic structure. Plato’s views were more radical and elite, and Aristotle’s was more physical and realistic. So, Socrates had been brought to court and found guilty and finally Socrates drank Hemlock and died. The biggest enemies of good and strong poetry is actually ‘political correctness’, tyranny, religious dogma and the kind because the people who are into these things will always seek to put limits on the type poetry that can be written and to control its power…, Poetry, like anything else, will flourish in freedom and wither under oppression and suppression…. ” (Poetics, Chapter 4) Thus, he also goes further and sees imitation as the part of education process of humakind. Hence, Plato declares that poets and their poetry must be banned and there is no place for them in (Utopian) world. Or is poetry a creative art that delivers satisfaction and happiness to people? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In this point, he rejects Plato’s comments on imitation and he claims that it is something very natural by saying “(…)Imitation is natural to man from childhood, [the humankind] as the most imitative creature in the world, learns at first by imitation. It is the other aspect of his rejection to Plato, because we should remember that Plato was regarding imitation as out of the reality so it was unacceptable in education process of his Ideal State. The history has seen very few philosophers who have written almost on every subject and Plato is one of them. He carried forward dialectical philosophy of Socrates including his own philosophical thoughts on various subjects. Aristotle put a lot of emphasis on the supremacy of observation and the establishment of reality. Being a moralist, his primary focus was to persuade morality in the society and pursue the ultimate truth. Therefore, when he began to analyze the poetry, his method and tone was moral rather than aesthetic. His main concern is the ideological function of poetry. Yet he did not agree that mimesis is bad in and of itself—quite the opposite! © 2020 Classical Wisdom Limited. Thus, he talks about “making poetry” in details. Poetry is one such imitation of an imitation. The thing represented to us through mimesis helps us learn and makes it enjoyable. In this way, Aristotle’s Poetics is a kind of answer to Plato’s arguments on poetry. 7 Wallerant Vaillant, after Raphael, Plato and Aristotle, 1658–77, mezzotint Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, inv. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Thus, they approach the critique of poetry from different perspectives; however it is obivous that Aristotle makes his points by taking Plato’s commentaries into consideration. Jonathan Barnes. Aysun BARUT 31. It can be written to play on the emotions of people: that is why poetry is not always very popular with politicians and religious leaders because it, like other art forms such as street art or memes these days, can be used to display reality which is not always welcome with these people, or it can be used as a way to spread propaganda that speaks against them, or it can be used to play the fool with them…. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. Aristotle's Defense of Poetry Against Plato, Comparison Between Aristotle and Plato on Mimesis, The Tension Displayed in W.B Yeats' Poetry, Reflection on Plato's Allegory of the Cave Reflection, Compare, Contrast, and Evaluate Plato and Aristotle on human Well-being, Plato and Aristotle on Happiness and the Good, A coherent account of Plato's concept of the body/soul distinction, Literary Theory Essay on Dryden's 'an Essay on Dramatic Poesy', Literary Theory Essay on Dryden’s ‘an Essay on Dramatic Poesy’, Carter and Roach: Their Role in the Region, Free online plagiarism checker with percentage. Consequently, conspiracy had been hatched by the feudal lords blaming Socrates for ruining young generation of Athens. Diplomatic as always, Aristotle accepted part of Plato’s theory, agreeing that art is a form of imitation. Because it imitates and relies on the world of the senses for its material, it takes us even further away from the truth, and thus nothing good can come from it. However; Aristotle being independent of such an idealistic aims, focuses on only the theory of poetry. Moreover, Plato’s all the works can be put into his single theory (Epistemology) which is known today as (Theory of Knowledge). Judging from the fact that Aristotle’s arguments in the. Poetry can be anything that one can imagine. It can also be used to right epics like Mulan, the Odyssey, Ramayana etcetera that are based on reality, fiction and sometimes even both…, Poetry can be used to scetch a reality, or it can just be used to describe reality…. Aristotle replied his master in his two books The Poetics and Rhetoric. Aristotle cunningly showed, using the notion of catharsis, that while poetry does indeed play on … It is interesting to note that Plato was the teacher of Aristotle, but still the latter differed from the former. The history has seen very few philosophers who have written almost on every subject and Plato is one of them. Plato sees imitation as a copying process, thus it is always beyond the truth. Unlike Plato, Aristotle does not use imitation term as “copying”. To know the answer to this critical question, Plato and Aristotle’s debate plays an immense role to bring forth the subject in the discussion because they are the ones who started arguments on the negative effects of poetry and its creative side. Brittan, Simon. In Republic, Plato’s claim was that poetry have a negative influence on people. Unlike Plato, Aristotle regards poetry as something positive in his Poetics. It depends on the mood of reader in which situation and state of mind he/she is and how that particular poem or line or couplet or long poem has been taken and recited and construed and related by readers. He presents us a view of literature in a mainly negative way. In the end, it is as hard for anyone of us to assert wrong either Plato or Aristotle in their judgement of poetry and role of poet in the construction of ideal state as to play with the fire because they are the pioneers of literary criticism especially, critique of poetry and poet’s role in the society. Consequently, he gave thought to the art writing of poetry, role of poetry, subject-matter of poetry, role of poets in the building of ideal society and so on in his most popular and much debated book ‘Poetics’. Plato, the disciple of great Socrates, was born in 428-27 BC. Thus, he separates poetry from philosophy and he creates a special area for literature itself. On the contary, he regards imitation as an intellectual and creative process.

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